11 Nov 23 5:39 am
Melasma is a common skin condition that usually occurs among women but is also seen in men. It can be a source of frustration for many. Although there is no exact cure for melasma, there are various treatments available, and among them, melasma serum is the best choice. Melasma serums help to make the hyperpigmentation fade away and return to a more even skin tone. In this article, we will delve into the world of melasma serums, exploring what they are, how they work, and the key ingredients to look for when choosing the right serum for you.
Often occurring on the face, appearing as brown or brown-gray patches on the cheek, nose, forehead, upper lip. Although the exact cause is unknown, it is thought that melasma occurs dues to genetics, excess sun exposure, hormonal changes, etc. Hormonal fluctuations during pregnancy, or with the use of birth control pills are said to trigger melasma.
What is a Melasma Serum?
High level of melanin production is the main cause of melasma on the skin. So melasma serums are made containing ingredients that help to decrease melanin production. Melasma serums are also used to target hyperpigmentation while promoting a more even skin tone.
The key ingredients to look for while choosing melasma serums are:
Vitamin C: Vitamin C is known for its sun protection. It also has skin-brightening properties and reduces the appearance of dark spots.
Niacinamide (Vitamin B3): Helping with the skin’s barrier, Niacinamide (Vitamin B3) reduces inflammation and inhabit the transfer of melanin on the skin. It is tolerated by most skin types so is often used on melasma serums.
Alpha Arbutin: It is a natural skin-brightening agent. Alpha Arbutin restrains melanin production so it is used in melasma treatment serums.
Licorice Extract: This ingredient helps to reduce dark spots on the skin while It evens out skin tone. Also, it has anti-inflammation properties, making it beneficial for sensitive skin.
Kojic Acid: This acid is extracted from various fungi. They help restrict melanin production and are often used in skincare products to address hyperpigmentation.
Retinoids (Retinol): Retinoids contribute to making the skin smoother while providing a more even skin tone. But its recommended to use retinoids gradually to avoid irritation.
The following are the usage and tips for melasma serum:
Consistency is Key: Using the serum regularly will give you gradual result. Be it dry or clean.
Sunscreen is Non-Negotiable: Since sun exposure is one of the main sources of melasma, sunscreen is a must. Sunscreen with at least SPF 30 is essential. Be sure to apply sunscreen every morning even on cloudy days.
Patience is a Virtue: Results may vary among individuals since not everyone’s skin type is not the same. So having patience is necessary.
Understanding the Ingredients:
Vitamin C is a powerhouse of antioxidants. It not only helps brighten the skin but also helps in inhibiting melanin production. It also gives protection from the harmful UV rays of the sun. It is a key product among the ingredients in melasma serum. It works really well with other ingredients used in melasma serum.
Niacinamide, or Vitamin B3, is a multitasking ingredient known for its ability to improve the skin barrier. Reduces inflammation and prevents the transfer of melanin to the skin's surface. It is a staple in melasma serum formulations.
Alpha arbutin is a natural alternative to hydroquinone, a traditional skin-lightening agent. It is also a better alternative because, unlike hydroquinone, it doesn’t have any side effects while restraining melanin.
Licorice extract has skin-brightening properties. The compounds on Licorice extract interfere with pigmentation. Helping to lighten dark spots and create a more uniform complexion. It is suitable for many types of skin.
Kojic acid, as mentioned earlier, is extracted from various fungi. It works by inhibiting tyrosinase, an enzyme crucial for melanin production. It is often included in skincare formulations and promotes an even skin tone.
Retinoids, especially retinol are derivatives of vitamin A. While it contributes to a smoother complexion, it can get irritating if not introduced gradually. They are a valuable addition to melasma serums for their overall skin-renewing properties.
Melasma serums can help if you want to fix dark patches on your skin and make it more even. To get better skin, use these serums regularly and understand what's inside them. Ask a skin doctor before trying new stuff on your skin, especially if it's sensitive or has issues. If you do it right, these serums can really help you get nice and even skin. Just be patient, use them regularly, and always protect your skin from the sun. That's how you can get closer to having great, glowing skin.